- ARTIFICIAL COTTONThis is prepared from the barked trunks of pine trees by the reduction of thin shavings into wood-wool, which is washed, then acted upon by steam, and heated with caustic soda under pressure, being thus converted into cellulose. This paste-like substance is reheated and pressed through a form of sieve into threads. By treating with ammonia and sprinkling with water these threads are made flexible and as easy to work as cotton. The wood is not abundant, and the cost of production is very heavy, which tends to prevent this fibre becoming a commercial success. In 1933, a Japanese company claimed that they could produce this material so cheaply that it would compete successfully with cotton.
Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.
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